The right of a child of preschool age to attend a kindergarten is guaranteed by law. However, in the early 2000s, long queues for kindergartens were a huge problem. Registration in the kindergarten was carried out only directly through the administration of the kindergarten, the queues were almost not controlled by anyone, and this gave rise to many abuses. Now everything has become much easier, together with the lawyers of PRAVOCARD we will find out the details.
Citizens have the opportunity to enroll a child in kindergarten in several ways:
- By personally visiting the garden or by sending your documents there by mail or e-mail
- Through the portal of the State Service
- Through Municipal Service Portals (each region may have its own)
- Through the MFC — multifunctional centers.
This became possible due to the fact that kindergartens now have an electronic queue, and all parental applications submitted in one way or another fall into this queue.
Let’s talk about recording through the MFC. This method is suitable for those who do not want to delve into the interface of sites and portals. Perhaps you are not yet registered with the State Services, have lost your password, or live far from the kindergarten.
The MFC employs employees who, as a rule, have a legal education and can help deal with documents and other issues that arise.
You can enroll in a kindergarten right from the birth of a child, after receiving the necessary documents — a birth certificate, registration at the place of residence and SNILS.
Admission to kindergarten is carried out throughout the calendar year, subject to availability.
To enroll a child in kindergarten, the following documents are required:
- passport of one of the parents (legal representative) of the child, or a guardian, or a power of attorney of a person acting on their behalf;
- birth certificate of the child (optional);
- certificate of registration of the child at the place of residence or certificate of registration at the place of stay (optional);
- document confirming the right to benefits (if necessary).
Admission to kindergarten is carried out at the personal request of the parent (legal representative) of the child.
The application contains the following information:
- surname, name, patronymic (the last — if any) of the child;
- date of birth of the child;
- details of the child’s birth certificate;
- surnames, first names, patronymics (last — if any) of the parents (legal representatives) of the child;
- address of the place of residence (place of stay, place of actual residence) of the child;
- details of the identity document of the parent (legal representative) of the child;
- e-mail address, contact phone numbers of the parents (legal representatives) of the child;
- on the choice of the language of education, the native language from among the languages of the peoples of the Russian Federation, including the Russian language as a native language;
- on the need to educate a child under a special program or a disabled child under a rehabilitation program for a disabled child;
- about the orientation of the preschool group;
- about the necessary mode of stay of the child;
- about the desired date of admission to training.
Additionally, the following documents may be required:
- a document confirming the establishment of guardianship;
- document of the psychological-medical-pedagogical commission;
- a document confirming the need for training in a health-improving group;
- Parents-foreign citizens present documents confirming the legality of the representation of the rights of the child, as well as a document confirming the applicant’s right to stay in the Russian Federation (with translation into Russian).
It is not allowed to require other documents for the admission of children to kindergartens.
After enrolling in a kindergarten, a personal file is opened for each child, in which all submitted documents are stored.
At the MFC, you need to take a ticket for an electronic queue. The name of the service sounds like «Acceptance of applications, registration and enrollment of children in educational institutions that implement the main general educational program of preschool education (kindergartens)».
The coupon can be obtained directly at the terminal in the MFC premises by calling the MFC by phone, in some MFCs it is possible to make an appointment through the website.
Next, you need to come to the MFC on the appointed day and time, wait for your turn (the current ticket is displayed on the monitors of the electronic queue).
An employee of the MFC will check your documents, tell you what is missing, what needs to be corrected, and draw up a statement.
At the same time, it should be taken into account that some categories of citizens have benefits for enrolling in preschool educational institutions.
If you belong to these categories, then you are guaranteed admission. If not, then you will be in line after the citizens of these categories.
Children exposed to radiation as a result of the Chernobyl accident, children of judges, prosecutors, employees of the investigative committee who have lost their breadwinner have an extraordinary right.
Priority is given to children from large families, children of single mothers, children of military personnel, police officers, as well as police officers fired due to injuries in the service, who died on assignment.
A few days after the application is submitted, it will be registered in the kindergarten, you can visit the MFC and receive a certificate of inclusion in the queue containing an individual application number and a list of documents submitted at the time of admission. In some regions, the MFC may send such a certificate to the applicant’s e-mail.
Then you can apply again to clarify your position in the queue at the MFC, or call the kindergarten directly.
After your turn comes up, the kindergarten concludes an education agreement with you on educational programs for preschool education.
The head of the kindergarten issues an order to enroll the child in kindergarten within three working days after the conclusion of the contract.
The details of the order, the name of the age group, the number of children enrolled in the specified group are posted on the official website of the kindergarten.
After that, the child will be removed from the register as needing to be enrolled in kindergarten. PRAVOCARD lawyers wish you and your children a great mood and are always happy to help you understand the intricacies of the current legislation.