What classes of food for cats and dogs are and how do they differ

Rations for cats and dogs are divided into classes, which are distinguished depending on the composition of the feed. There are 4 classes:

  • Economy
  • Premium
  • Super premium
  • Holistic

The division into classes is conditional: there is no generally accepted definition of which group which feeds belong to. Why then does the buyer need to know about the classes? .. They help to navigate among different offers. This is the case when you need to trust, but verify. Some manufacturers write “premium” on the packaging, although the composition does not reach it. When a person knows what class belongs to, he does not fall for this.

What is the difference between feed classes

To quickly understand which class the food belongs to, you need to look at the composition, first of all, at the component that comes first.


Inexpensive food based on cereals, corn, wheat or meat and bone meal, and contains E-preservatives.

Composition example economy class: «Grains and vegetable products, meat and animal products, animal fats and vegetable oils, natural flavors, vitamin and mineral supplement for dogsantioxidants E320, E321, preservative mycocarb».


This includes foods in the middle price segment, which are based on meat, dehydrated meat or organ meats (may be fish and fish by-products). That is, the first ingredient is animal protein. There are no E-preservatives in the composition: as a rule, they are replaced by tocopherols.

Composition Example — Feed Probalance Active for dogs: «Dehydrated poultry meat (30%), rice, vegetable proteins, chicken fat, natural flavoring, yeast, sunflower oil, beet pulp, linseede seed, vitamin and mineral supplement for dogs, egg powder, fish oil, phytocomposition, prebiotic, lysine, yucca schidigera extract, glucosamine, chondroitin, L-carnitine. Product Preservation Supplements: Mycocarb, Natural Antioxidants (Mixed Tocopherols)».

Separately, we will tell about offal: among people they are valued less than meat tenderloin, and they are not always eaten. But in nature it is the other way around: having caught prey, predators begin with offal. Therefore, they are part of many feeds: for taste and smell.

Super premium

These are quite expensive and mostly imported feeds. The basis is meat or dehydrated meat (at the same time, the share of meat ingredients is not less than 40%). The composition is natural, without E-preservatives.

An example of the composition of a super premium class feed: «Beef (28% dehydrated meat and 12% fresh meat), rice, potato proteinanimal fat, corn, dry beet pulp, brewer’s yeast, hydrolyzed animal proteinhydrolyzed yeast, yucca extract schidigera, spirulion, hydrolyzed cartilageechinacea rootdried garlic powder».


These are expensive feeds of only imported brands (there are no Russian-made holistics yet). The class got its name from the Greek holos, which means complete, whole. The composition contains at least 50% meat (and there are no offal), a small percentage of cereals and vitamins of natural origin.

An example of the composition of the feed holistik: «Turkey 65%, minced chicken 8%, green peas 7% potatoesstarch 6%, chicken fat 3%beet pulp, chicken broth, egg powder, fiber, minerals, vitamins, salmon fat, tomato, carrot, chicory, dried seaweed, brewer’s yeast, glucosamine, hondroitin, carrot, mint, paprika, thyme, taurine, yucca extract, cranberry, fennel extract, ginger, rosehip extract, dandelion extract, rosemary oil, oregano».

All food classes are needed: they create choice. The «economy» mark does not automatically make the food bad. If you need to feed a cat or dog inexpensively, just the economy will do. And if you need to rationally feed your pet for the benefit of the body, choose premium. Superpremium and holistics are more about prestige and the desire to buy the best for the four-legged.

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