Usually, the problem of determining the level and type of a child’s abilities is particularly acute for parents during the period of choosing one or another educational institution: be it a specialized kindergarten or school, studio, circle, section. At what age can you say for sure what kind of activity the baby is most predisposed to? How to make the right choice so as not to harm him?
First you need to understand such concepts as abilities, inclinations, inclinations. What is the relationship between them and how do they differ?
Capabilities — individual psychological characteristics of a person that are related to the success of one or more activities.
When a child is just born, we cannot immediately answer the question: what abilities does he have. Therefore, it is impossible to understand under the abilities only the innate abilities of the child. Only anatomical, psychological or physiological features can be congenital, they are also called inclinations that underlie the development of abilities. The abilities themselves are always the result of development.
Makings — some genetic features of the structure of the brain and nervous system, sensory organs and movement, which act as natural prerequisites for the development of abilities. For example, a light musculoskeletal system and plastic muscles serve as a deposit for the development of gymnastic and dancing abilities.
The inclinations carry opportunities for the development of abilities in the process of education, upbringing, and labor activity. That is why it is so important to identify the inclinations of children as early as possible in order to purposefully shape their abilities. The inclinations, first of all, are manifested in inclinations to a certain type of activity or in increased curiosity about everything. It is important to note that the innate inclinations do not always mean their heredity.
inclinations is the first and earliest sign of a nascent ability. The propensity is manifested in the desire, attraction of the child to a certain activity (drawing, playing music).
Psychologists classify abilities according to several areas of activity:
- academic achievements
- creative or productive thinking
- communication and leadership
- artistic activity
Each area of the child’s activity characterizes him from one side or another, which allows both parents and specialists to recognize the presence of abilities in children.
The proposed classification does not provide information about the time of detection of these abilities, but allows us to determine their type.
Experts note that only 10-15% of children show pronounced inclinations and stable interests at an early age (up to 3-5 years).
Previously, musical, artistic and motor abilities make themselves felt.
The development of abilities in preschool children is not an easy task. Often kids are interested in a little of everything. It is important that mom and dad share any activities of the baby, draw, sing, solve riddles or run after the ball with him. This gives the little man self-confidence and a desire to experiment.
In the first place at this age comes the development of creative abilities in children. The ability to create something new, to think outside the box will definitely come in handy in the future for an artist, a scientist, and the head of a company.
The chalk album will help your kid to realize various ideas of his drawings. And don’t be afraid to make a mistake, because the drawing can be easily erased and redrawn.
The child’s abilities with respect for them will be the key to his successful future. There are no children without talents. It is important for parents to abandon their stereotypes and accept the baby as he is. Then he will open up and be able to grow up a happy person.