Choosing coffee beans is not as difficult as it seems. The main thing is to decide on your preferences, then you can easily find the right coffee by region of growth, variety, grain shape and taste characteristics. Today I will tell you what to look for when choosing coffee beans and not to miscalculate.
1. Grain variety
Arabica, Robusa or Liberica — you need to choose among the three most common. To find Liberica coffee, which you can read about in detail in our article, you have to try. And yes, it has a distinct taste.
Therefore, Arabica and Robusta are the finalists of the world coffee race. By choosing coffee from 100% Arabica, you get a rich and aromatic drink that is perfect for brewing espresso in a coffee machine, coffee in a Chemex or filter, as well as in a cezve.
If the blend consists of Arabica and Robusta in different proportions, then you should try different options to understand which one is right for you. The more percentages of Robusta grains are added, the higher the level of bitterness and saturation of the prepared drink will be.
Often, for Turkish coffee, housewives prefer blends with the addition of 80% Arabica and 20% Robusta, which gives a delicate bitterness.
The final taste and aroma of coffee depends on the level of roasting of coffee beans. Arabica beans are more suitable for light roasts, Robusta beans for dark roasts.
The most common degree of roasting in production is medium.
Try different coffee roasts to find the right one for you. For example, filter coffee aficionados may prefer a lighter roast. And coffee lovers in Turkish — a darker version with the addition of Robusta.
3. Appearance of the grain
To understand what roasted beans should actually look like, you have to study a single pack of coffee.
The correct type of Arabica coffee bean is an oval shape without pronounced defects. Robusta is more round in shape.
What are the defects of coffee beans:
Color. If the roasted coffee bean in the pack is black, it may be affected by a fungus. Rust color indicates strong fermentation. A yellow or blue tint may indicate that the grains are too dry.
Quakers — from such immature and shriveled-looking grains, bitter and unpleasant coffee will turn out.
Holes in the grains — may be traces of insects.
A concave shell shape indicates low acidity and poor quality.
Chipped, broken, moldy coffee beans are unusable.
4. Country of origin
Choosing coffee by country of origin is like the work of a sommelier. Each region where coffee grows has its own characteristics of climate, collection, processing, drying, and so on.
For example, coffee from Brazil is characterized by low acidity, dense body and sweet taste. Coffee from Colombia stands out for its bright aroma, hints of fruit and nuts on the palate.
Only expert coffee lovers and professional baristas can determine coffee by this indicator, because this skill develops only over time. The more different coffees you try, the more insight you can boast of. So feel free to change your preferences, try different blends.
It also helps to pay attention to the information on the labels. Producers of specialty coffee — premium quality beans — describe in detail the shades of taste and aroma, indicate data, starting from the region of growth, ending with the preferred method of preparation of this item.
By the way, LEBO Coffee does just that. You do not have to rack your brains when choosing a position in the store for Turku or Moka. It will be enough to pay attention to the packaging, which shows the ideal way to brew a particular position.
Love coffee as much as we do? Let’s explore the world of coffee together!