From the first days of life to a year, a child goes a long way in his development, and if parents pay due attention to their baby, he will grow smarter, more balanced and happy.
In this article, we will tell you how to properly deal with a baby in the first year of life, and introduce you to simple educational games. Since the main activity of newborns is communication with the mother, for the development during this period, it is important to pay sufficient attention to the baby: stroke, hug, caress, cradle, wear on the handles.
Show your emotions — smile, laugh, sing songs by changing the intonation of your voice. During this period, daily physical activity is important. Lay the baby on your stomach, do gymnastics.
For babies in the first months of life
Good entertainment will be a special mobile in a crib with lullabies playing. Hanging toys for the stroller or play mat. The baby, touching toys, gets acquainted with new sounds, shapes and colors. Until the baby learns to independently hold objects in his hands, you can move the rattle in front of him from side to side, attracting his attention and training his ability to track objects with his eyes. For the development of motor skills it is worth kneading the child’s hands, running a finger over them, while telling a counting rhyme.
Approximately 3-4 months
You can also introduce special classes that contribute to the development of the vestibular apparatus and coordination of movements. For example, fitball is perfect for these purposes. Holding the child by the arms or by the sides, lay the baby on the ball with his stomach and slowly sway back and forth singing a song or rhyme to the rhythm of the movement.
From the age of six months
Add activities aimed at developing sensory perception. The more diverse the objects with which the baby plays, the more actively his brain develops. These can be fabrics with a variety of textures or special sensory toys. At this age, you can begin to study the size. Use everything from the pyramid. Build towers from soft cubes. Show and flip through children’s books, accompanying this with comments. Children are happy to play with the ball: a ball with a bell develops hearing, a ball with pimples — motor skills. Explore alternative ways of painting, such as using finger paints. Play with water. Pour water into a deep plate, dip your baby’s fingers in it. Let him feel the contents of the container.
From six months
The baby actively imitates the sounds and words that adults pronounce. Therefore, when talking with a child, it is important to pronounce words correctly and expressively, without distorting them. Introduce your baby to the world of smells. It should be as often as possible to give him a sniff of flowers, fruits.
At 11-12 months
The child is interested in all kinds of toys on wheels, mechanical toys. Caterpillars, cars and other toys will develop logic and motor skills. Use puppets to teach your baby about body parts. The main thing is that dolls or toys have large facial features, where you can easily find eyes, nose, ears. At this age, it will be interesting for the baby to look at photos and find familiar faces. This will help improve memory.
It is desirable to engage with the child every day
Educational games should not last longer than 10-15 minutes. In a short time, the baby will not have time to get tired, will not be capricious and will show more and more interest in the game. Play with your baby 5-6 times a day. For developing activities, it is better to choose a time when the child is not tired, does not want to sleep, eat, walk. Do not forget to praise the child more often, even if he still does not succeed.
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