Do you often take a break to remember the promises you made to others? Perhaps you have memory problems, ignoring which can lead to irreversible consequences. For example, memory problems can signal developing Alzheimer’s disease or a brain tumor. 5-tv.ru tells how to prevent memory impairment.
Causes of memory impairment
To understand how to improve memory, you need to figure out why you began to forget something. The most common cause doctors call age-related changes. The speed of memorization and reaction really decreases with the passing years, and learning becomes more difficult with time. As a rule, these changes are associated with a decrease in the number of nerve cells. But a healthy elderly person does not lose his memory — he just needs a little more time to comprehend the information and give an answer.
Memory loss mostly affects people with cognitive impairments. This is manifested in forgetfulness of small things — for example, when a person does not remember a recent conversation or meeting place. But thanks to working memory, people with a cognitive impairment remember events that happened a long time ago and can perform “mechanical” thought processes, such as doing mental arithmetic or recalling a shopping list. If you suspect you have a cognitive impairment, see your doctor.
Memory can deteriorate even situationally — from stress or poor sleep. In this case, doctors recommend paying attention to the environment, adjusting the regime and including physical activity in the schedule of the day or week.
What diseases are associated with memory problems?
The first symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease are associated with memory impairment. This is a disease of the brain, in which there is a progressive decrease in intelligence, impaired speech, writing, disorientation in space. Alzheimer’s disease in 70% leads to dementia, so it is important to diagnose the disease in the early stages. Researchers are arguing about the possibility of treating Alzheimer’s disease.
Memory problems can also be the first symptom:
- craniocerebral injuries in which amnesia is observed;
- intoxication of various types;
- brain tumors;
The course of the disease can be slowed down with the help of drugs that need to be discussed with a specialist. Doctors also advise to stimulate memory through daily exercise.
Change your daily routine
If you wake up every day at a certain time, “automatically” wash your face and cook breakfast, then your head already has a certain program, a scheme of actions. In this program, you do things automatically and do not pay attention to them. Try changing your habits! Get up on the alarm clock immediately, without postponing the awakening for the usual ten minutes. Get to work with a little change route. When the program «fails», the brain is activated, you start the memorization mechanism.
Try to perform the usual actions with the other hand: if you are right-handed, then write a couple of sentences or draw with your left hand. So the brain uses new areas to complete the task. Finally, spend an hour or two doing something new, like exercising or learning the rules of a sport. Learning is a great workout for the brain.
Retell what happened during the day
This method of memorization was used by Pythagoras. In the evenings (or in the morning — determine the time that is convenient for you), try to fix your route for the day, conversations with others, even an advertising poster in transport. At first, this will cause difficulties, because your brain is not yet used to such a warm-up. At this time, try to remember the maximum details that you learned not only with the help of vision, but with hearing and even the organs of smell. At this time, memory is activated and recreates visual images, creates associations.
Talk about the day to a loved one and be sure to ask him to share his day — so you can get new information. If you do not want to disturb relatives, get a notebook and write down everything that you remember about the past day. So you kill two birds with one stone: the pen stimulates not only fingers, but also thinking in general. Scientists believe that writing by hand activates the areas of the brain responsible for memory and assimilation of information. That is why teachers in schools ask students to take notes and even welcome handwritten cheat sheets.
Live with your eyes closed
In the conditions of life in a metropolis, it is very difficult to spend a day with your eyes closed. Evaluate the possibilities: if you get from home to work in public transport, then do not risk doing it with your eyes closed. Start small. Close your eyes while taking a shower or bath and try to find the shampoo, gel or sponge by touch. Most likely, the brain will reproduce certain associations and visual images in the head. While searching for some thing or a joint, your reaction improves. Later, you will be able to move around the apartment without opening your eyes. Such training is useful not only for memory, but also for the eyes. And don’t forget to sleep! During the time that you give to sleep, the brain restores communication with the organs, spent energy. Somnologists recommend remembering dreams — after all, this is also a kind of memory training.
Read aloud and master a new language
Reading aloud stimulates auditory memory. And memorizing poetry, which many did not like so much in childhood, improves memorization skills. Choose a poem, break it into several parts and study. Gradually increase the volume, and after a few days it will be easier for you to remember the piece. After a few poems, you can go to a new level! Try to compose simple quatrains about what surrounds you. Describe a flower on the table of a colleague or pet. By choosing rhymes, you will start the mechanism in your head — this is an excellent memory training.
Master a new language. Study several times a week with a tutor or interactive programs on the Internet. Constant work will have a beneficial effect on memory and increase efficiency. Learning foreign languages will help prevent or at least delay the development of dementia. As part of a study, scientists at the University of Edinburgh found that bilingual patients develop dementia on average four and a half years later than those who speak one language.
Use associations to remember information
American Memory Championship winner Ron White uses several techniques to remember information. According to one of the techniques, Ron assigns images to the most common names in the world and thus creates associations. You can use the White method to remember certain information. In addition, there is a technique for remembering people by their features. If you need to remember the name of a person you just met, highlight something about the person’s appearance or character. You can try to remember a person by his number — however, you need to be careful with this method. Suddenly, a friend will be offended by the number assigned to him?
Use mnemonic tricks. One of the verbal tricks you know from childhood — the phrase «Every hunter wants to know where the pheasant sits» actually reminds a person of the location of the colors of the rainbow. And the phrase «Ivan gave birth to a girl, ordered to drag the diaper» reminds of cases in Russian. Make up your own phrases and practice memorization.