What measures are important to take to avoid overheating and protect your skin from ultraviolet radiation in the summer heat? Beautician and plastic surgeon Olga Ovanesova told 5-tv.ru about this and other useful recommendations.
How not to get sunburned on the beach
Since ultraviolet is radiation, it is important to prevent direct sunlight from reaching the deeper layers of the skin. Drink water to cool your skin and make it more hydrated.
The most saving drink in the heat will be clean drinking water. Try to drink 1.5 glasses of non-carbonated water every hour. For variety, you can add mint leaves, lemon and ice cubes to it. To prevent dehydration, avoid drinking alcoholic cocktails and carbonated drinks with sugar content. Consumption of hot drinks like coffee and tea is better to reduce so that caffeine does not create an extra load on the heart.
Sunglasses, creams and hats are “faithful helpers” that will protect the body from overheating. A fun way to cool off is to spray each other with water from a spray bottle. Children will especially like it.
How to understand what is burned
First of all, according to the expert, it is important to prevent the likelihood of heat and sunstroke. And it doesn’t matter at all how long you stay outdoors — 15 minutes under the scorching sun is enough to experience negative consequences.
Signs of sun or heat stroke:
- weakness in the body;
- skin redness and blisters.
If you experience these symptoms, be sure to consult a doctor.
What to do if you get burned on the beach
It is best to immediately go into the shade — in a ventilated room. The most effective remedy that will help lower the body temperature is a cool shower. A towel moistened with water can also be applied to the forehead.
If blisters have already begun to appear on the skin, then this, according to the doctor, usually speaks of the second degree of burns. For this reason, such damage must be delicately treated with anti-inflammatory drugs.
“In some cases, antihistamines can be used to reduce swelling in the affected areas of the skin. Panthenol-containing creams will also help maintain the water balance,” explained Olga Ovanesova.
The doctor emphasized that oils should not be applied in case of severe burns and blisters on the skin.
“No oils can be applied. Someone starts peeling off these blisters, which in no case should be done. The first step is to prevent infection — treat with anti-inflammatory drugs, but do not burn with alcohol. That is, chlorhexidine aqueous solution is sufficient. At the same time, all manipulations should be light, not injure the skin and be aimed at cooling.
On average, a small burn can be neutralized within 5-6 days, the doctor specifies. If, during exposure to the sun, a person is badly burned up to the appearance of blisters, then the marks on the skin will heal within 2-3 weeks.